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A one-step technique to prepare aligned arrays of carbon nanotubes

Mahanandia, Pitamber and Nanda, Karuna Kar (2008) A one-step technique to prepare aligned arrays of carbon nanotubes. In: Nanotechnology, 19 (15). 155602 --.

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Official URL: http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0957-4484/19/15/155...

Abstract

A simple effective pyrolysis technique has been developed to synthesize aligned arrays of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) without using any carrier gas in a single-stage furnace at 700 °C. This technique eliminates nearly the entire complex and expensive machinery associated with other extensively used methods for preparation of CNTs such as chemical vapour deposition (CVD) and pyrolysis. Carbon source materials such as xylene, cyclohexane, camphor, hexane, toluene, pyridine and benzene have been pyrolyzed separately with the catalyst source material ferrocene to obtain aligned arrays of MWCNTs. The synthesized CNTs have been characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Raman spectroscopy. In this technique, the need for the tedious and time-consuming preparation of metal catalysts and continuously fed carbon source material containing carrier gas can be avoided. This method is a single-step process where not many parameters are required to be monitored in order to prepare aligned MWCNTs. For the production of CNTs, the technique has great advantages such as low cost and easy operation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Institute of Physics.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2010 13:33
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/25923

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