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Differential Mechanisms of Binding of Anti-Sigma Factors Escherichia coli Rsd and Bacteriophage T4 AsiA to E. coli RNA Polymerase Lead to Diverse Physiological Consequences

Sharma, Umender K and Chatterji, Dipankar (2008) Differential Mechanisms of Binding of Anti-Sigma Factors Escherichia coli Rsd and Bacteriophage T4 AsiA to E. coli RNA Polymerase Lead to Diverse Physiological Consequences. In: Journal of Bacteriology, 190 (10). pp. 3434-3443.

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Official URL: http://jb.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/190/10/3434...

Abstract

Anti-sigma factors Escherichia coli Rsd and bacteriophage T4 AsiA bind to the essential housekeeping sigma factor, sigma(70), of E. coli. Though both factors are known to interact with the C-terminal region of sigma(70), the physiological consequences of these interactions are very different. This study was undertaken for the purpose of deciphering the mechanisms by which E. coli Rsd and bacteriophage T4 AsiA inhibit or modulate the activity of E. coli RNA polymerase, which leads to the inhibition of E. coli cell growth to different amounts. It was found that AsiA is the more potent inhibitor of in vivo transcription and thus causes higher inhibition of E. coli cell growth. Measurements of affinity constants by surface plasmon resonance experiments showed that Rsd and AsiA bind to or 70 with similar affinity. Data obtained from in vivo and in vitro binding experiments clearly demonstrated that the major difference between AsiA and Rsd is the ability of AsiA to form a stable ternary complex with RNA polymerase. The binding patterns of AsiA and Rsd with sigma(70) studied by using the yeast two-hybrid system revealed that region 4 of sigma(70) is involved in binding to both of these anti-sigma factors; however, Rsd interacts with other regions of sigma(70) as well. Taken together, these results suggest that the higher inhibition of E. coli growth by AsiA expression is probably due to the ability of the AsiA protein to trap the holoenzyme RNA polymerase rather than its higher binding affinity to sigma(70).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Microbiology.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2010 09:26
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/26112

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