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Expression of hyoscyamine 6 beta-hydroxylase in the root pericycle cells and accumulation of its product scopolamine in leaf and stem tissues of Datura metel L.

Pramod, Kandoth K and Singh, Satpal and Jayabaskaran, C (2010) Expression of hyoscyamine 6 beta-hydroxylase in the root pericycle cells and accumulation of its product scopolamine in leaf and stem tissues of Datura metel L. In: Plant Science, 178 (2). pp. 202-206.

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Abstract

Hyoscyamine 60-hydroxylase (H6H: EC 1.14.11.11), a key enzyme at the terminal step of tropane alkaloid biosynthesis, converts hyoscyamine to scopolamine. The accumulation of scopolamine in different organs, in particular the aerial parts for storage, is subject to the expression of hyoscyamine 6-phydroxylase as well as its transport from the site of synthesis. To understand the molecular basis of this regulation, we have analyzed, in parallel, the relative levels of hyoscyamine and scopolamine, and the accumulation of H6H (both protein and transcript) in leaves, stems and roots of D. metel. The root, stem and leaf tissues all contain about 0.51-0.65 mg g(-1) dry weight of scopolamine. Hyoscyamine content was extremely low in leaf and stem tissues and was about 0.28 mg g(-1) dry weight in the root tissue. H6H protein and its transcript were found only in roots but not in the aerial parts viz. stems and leaves. The immunolocalization studies performed on leaf, stem, root as well as hairy root tissues showed that H6H was present only in the pericycle cells of young lateral and hairy roots. These studies suggest that the conversion of hyoscyamine to scopolamine takes place in the root pericycle cells, and the alkaloid biosynthesized in the roots gets translocated to the aerial parts in D. metel. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Datura metel; Hairy roots; Hyoscyamine 6 beta-hydroxylase; Pericycle; Scopolamine
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2010 11:46
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/26225

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