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Investigation of inter-ion interactions in N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediammonium dithiocyanate via experimental and theoretical charge density studies

Munshi, Parthapratim and Cameron, Elinor and Row, TN Guru and Ferrara, Joseph D and Cameron, T Stanley (2007) Investigation of inter-ion interactions in N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediammonium dithiocyanate via experimental and theoretical charge density studies. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 111 (32). pp. 7888-7897.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp068554x

Abstract

The crystal structure of the N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediammonium dithiocyanate salt has been examined by experimental charge density studies from high-resolution X-ray diffraction data. The corresponding results are compared with multipole refinements, using theoretical structure factors obtained from a periodic density functional theory calculation at the B3LYP level with a 6-31G** basis set. The salt crystallizes in space group P (1) over bar and contains only a single ion pair with an inversion center in the cation. The salt has thus one unique classical N+-H center dot center dot center dot(NCS)(-) hydrogen bond but also has six other weaker interactions: four C-H center dot center dot center dot S, one C-H center dot center dot center dot N, and one C-H center dot center dot center dot C-pi. The nature of all these interactions has been examined topologically using Bader's quantum theory of "atoms in molecules" and all eight of the Koch-Popelier criteria. The experimental and theoretical approaches agree well and both show that the inter-ion interactions, even in this simplest of systems, play an integrated and complex role in the packing of the ions in the crystal. Electrostatic potential maps are derived from experimental charge densities. This is the first time such a system has been examined in detail by these methods.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2010 17:33
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/26272

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