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Influence of sintering conditions and doping on the dielectric relaxation originating from the surface layer effects in CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramics

Prakash, B Shri and Varma, KBR (2007) Influence of sintering conditions and doping on the dielectric relaxation originating from the surface layer effects in CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramics. In: Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 68 (4). pp. 490-502.

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Abstract

Detailed investigations into the dielectric dispersion phenomenon in the giant dielectric constant material CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO) around room temperature revealed the existence of two successive dielectric relaxations. In the temperature domain, a new dielectric relaxation was clearly observed around 250K, in addition to the well-investigated dielectric relaxation close to 100K. The effect of sintering and doping (La3+) on the strength of these dielectric relaxations were studied in detail. The sintering temperature as well as its duration was found to have tremendous influence on the dielectric relaxation that was encountered around 250 K. This Maxwell-Wagner (M-W) type of relaxation was found to be originating from the surface layer containing the Cu-rich phase, which was ascribed to the difference in the oxygen content between the surface and the interior of the sample. Interestingly, this particular additional relaxation was not observed in La2/3Cu3Ti4O12, a low dielectric constant member of the CCTO family, in which the segregation of Cu-rich phase on the surface was absent. Indeed the correlation between the new relaxation and the presence of Cu-rich phase in CCTO ceramics was further corroborated by the absence of the same after removing the top and bottom layers. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2010 06:03
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/26337

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