Kasthurirengan, S and Srinivasa, G and Karthik, GS and Ramesh, KP and Shafi, KA (2008) Experimental studies on a two stage pulse tube cryocooler reaching 2.5K. In: Joint Cryogenic Engineering Conference/International Cryogenic Materials Conference, JUL 16-20, 2007, Chattanooga.
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A two stage Pulse Tube Cryocooler (PTC) is designed and fabricated which reaches a no-load temperature of 2.5K in the second stage and similar to 60 K in the first stage respectively. The system provides a cooling power of similar to 250 mW at 5K in the second stage. Stainless steel meshes (size 200) and lead (Pb) granules are used as the first stage regenerator materials and combination of Pb with Er3Ni / HoCu2 are used as the second stage regenerator materials. The system operates at 1.6 Hz using a 6 kW water cooled helium compressor. Studies conducted by varying the dimensions of Pulse Tubes and regenerators show that the dimensions of the Pulse Tubes are more critical to the performance of the Cryocooler than those of the regenerators. Experimental studies show that the optimum volume ratios of Er3Ni to Pb and HoCu2 to Pb in the second stage regenerator should be 3:2 and 2:3 respectively for the best performance. Further, systems with HoCu2 performed better than those with Er3Ni. The theoretical analysis of the system has been carried out using a simple isothermal model. The experimentally measured cooling powers are in good agreement with the theoretical predictions.
|Item Type:||Conference Proceedings|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Cryogenic Technology|
|Date Deposited:||29 Mar 2010 10:12|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 05:57|
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