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Synthesis and exploration of novel curcumin analogues as anti-malarial agents

Mishra, Satyendra and Karmodiya, Krishanpal and Surolia, Namita and Surolia, Avadhesha (2008) Synthesis and exploration of novel curcumin analogues as anti-malarial agents. In: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 16 (6). pp. 2894-2902.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2007.12.054

Abstract

Curcumin, a major yellow pigment and active component of turmeric, has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities. Recent studies have indicated that curcumin inhibits chloroquine-sensitive (CQ-S) and chloroquine-resistant (CQ-R) Plasmodium falciparum growth in culture with an IC50 of not, vert, similar3.25 μM (MIC = 13.2 μM) and IC50 4.21 μM (MIC = 14.4 μM), respectively. In order to expand their potential as anti-malarials a series of novel curcumin derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their ability to inhibit P. falciparum growth in culture. Several curcumin analogues examined show more effective inhibition of P. falciparumgrowth than curcumin. The most potent curcumin compounds 3, 6, and 11 were inhibitory for CQ-S P. falciparum at IC50 of 0.48, 0.87, 0.92 μM and CQ-R P. falciparum at IC50 of 0.45 μM, 0.89, 0.75 μM, respectively. Pyrazole analogue of curcumin (3) exhibited sevenfold higher anti-malarial potency against CQ-S and ninefold higher anti-malarial potency against CQ-R. Curcumin analogues described here represent a novel class of highly selective P. falciparum inhibitors and promising candidates for the design of novel anti-malarial agents.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Plasmodium falciparum;Curcumin;Antimalarial;Pyrazole.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2010 09:19
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/26730

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