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The effect of ageing on microstructure and nanoindentation behaviour of dc magnetron sputter deposited nickel rich NiTi films

Raju, KSS Eswar and Bysakh, S and Sumesh, MA and Kamat, SV and Mohan, S (2008) The effect of ageing on microstructure and nanoindentation behaviour of dc magnetron sputter deposited nickel rich NiTi films. In: Materials Science and Engineering A, 476 (1-2). pp. 267-273.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2007.04.101

Abstract

Nickel rich NiTi films were sputter deposited on p-doped Si left angle bracket1 0 0right-pointing angle bracket substrates maintained at 300 °C. The films were subsequently solution treated at 700 °C for 30 min followed by ageing at 400 and 500 °C for 5 h. The microstructure of the films was examined by TEM and these studies revealed that the NiTi films were mostly amorphous in the as-deposited condition. The subsequent solution treatment and ageing resulted in crystallization of the films with the film aged at 400 °C exhibiting nanocrystalline grains and three phases viz. B2 (austenite), R and Ni3Ti2 whereas the film aged at 500 °C shows micron sized grains and two phases viz. R and Ni3Ti2. Nanoindentation studies revealed that the nature of the load versus indentation depth response for the films aged at 400 and 500 °C was different. For the same load, the indenter penetrated to a much greater depth for the film aged at 400 °C as compared to the film aged at 500 °C. Also the ratio of the residual indentation depth (hf) to maximum indentation depth (hmax) is lower for the film aged at 400 °C as compared to the film aged at 500 °C. This was attributed to the occurrence of stress induced martensitic transformation of the B2 phase present in the film aged at 400 °C during indentation loading which results in a transformation strain in addition to the normal elastic and plastic strains and its subsequent recovery on unloading. The hardness and elastic modulus measured using the Oliver and Pharr analysis was also found to be lower for the film aged at 400 °C as compared to the film aged at 500 °C which was also primarily attributed to the same effect.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: NiTi thin film;Nanoindentation;TEM;Load-indentation depth response.
Department/Centre: Others
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2010 07:27
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/26795

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