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Tuning the beta-turn segment in designed peptide beta-hairpins: Construction of a stable type I ' beta-turn nucleus and hairpin-helix transition promoting segments

Rai, Rajkishor and Raghothama, Srinivasarao and Sridharan, Rajagopalan and Balaram, Padmanabhan (2007) Tuning the beta-turn segment in designed peptide beta-hairpins: Construction of a stable type I ' beta-turn nucleus and hairpin-helix transition promoting segments. In: Biopolymers, 88 (3). 350 -361.

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/1135103...

Abstract

Designed octapeptides Boc-Leu-Val-Val-Aib-(D)Xxx-Leu- Val-Val-OMe ((D)Xxx = (D)Ala, 3a; (D)Val, 3c and (D)Pro, 5a) and Boc-Leu-Phe-Val-Aib-DAla-Leu-Phe-Val-OMe (3b) have been investigated to construct models of a stable type I' beta-turn nucleated hairpin and to generate systems for investigating helix-hairpin conformational transitions. Peptide 5a, which contains a central Aib-(D)Pro segment, is shown to adopt a stable type I' beta-turn nucleated hairpin structure, stabilized by four cross-strand hydrogen bonds. The stability of the structure in diverse solvents is established by the observation of all diagnostic NOEs expected in a beta-hairpin conformation. Replacement of (D)Pro5 by (D)Ala/(D)Val (3a-c) results in sequences that form beta-hairpins in hydrogen bonding solvents like CD3OH and DMSO-d(6). However, in CDCl3 evidence for population of helical conformations is obtained. Peptide 6b (Boc-Leu-Phe-Val-Aib-Aib-Leu-Phe-Val-OMe), which contains a centrally positioned Aib-Aib segment, provides a clear example of a system, which exhibits a helical conformation in CDCl3 and a significant population of both helices and hairpins in CD3OH and DMSO-d(6). The coexistence of multiple conformations is established by the simultaneous observation of diagnostic NOEs. Control over stereochemistry of the central beta-turn permits generation of models for robust beta-hairpins and also for the construction of systems that may be used to probe helix-hairpin conformational transitions. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Chemical Sciences > NMR Research Centre (Formerly SIF)
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2010 11:17
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2011 04:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/26899

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