Bansal, Kushagra and Elluru, Sri Ramulu and Narayana, Yeddula and Chaturvedi, Rashmi and Patil, Shripad A and Kaveri, Srini V and Bayry, Jagadeesh and Balaji, Kithiganahalli N (2010) PE_PGRS Antigens of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Induce Maturation and Activation of Human Dendritic Cells. In: The Journal of Immunology, 184 (7). pp. 3495-3504.
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Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of pulmonary tuberculosis, infects one-third of the world's population. Activation of host immune responses for containment of mycobacterial infections involves participation of innate immune cells, such as dendritic cells (DCs). DCs are sentinels of the immune system and are important for eliciting both primary and secondary immune responses to pathogens. In this context, to understand the molecular pathogenesis of tuberculosismand host response to mycobacteria and to conceive prospective vaccine candidates, it is important to understand how cell wall Ags of M. tuberculosis and, in particular, the proline-glutamic acid-polymorphic guanine-cytosine-rich sequence (PE_PGRS) family of proteins modulate DC maturation and function. In this study, we demonstrate that two cell wall-associated/secretory PE_PGRS proteins, PE_PGRS 17 (Rv0978c) and PE_PGRS 11 (Rv0754), recognize TLR2, induce maturation and activation of human DCs, and enhance the ability of DCs to stimulate CD4(+) T cells. We further found that PE_PGRS protein-mediated activation of DCs involves participation of ERK1/2, p38 MAPK, and NF-kappa B signaling pathways. Priming of human DCs with IFN-gamma further augmented PE_PGRS 17 or PE_PGRS 11 Ag-induced DC maturation and secretion of key proinflammatory cytokines. Our results suggest that by activating DCs, PE_PGRS proteins, important mycobacterial cell wall Ags, could potentially contribute in the initiation of innate immune responses during tuberculosis infection and hence regulate the clinical course of tuberculosis. The Journal of Immunology, 2010, 184: 3495-3504.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to American Association of Immunologists.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology|
|Date Deposited:||10 Jun 2010 07:39|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 05:59|
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