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Graphene Analogues of BN: Novel Synthesis and Properties

Nag, Angshuman and Raidongia, Kalyan and Hembram, Kailash PSS and Datta, Ranjan and Waghmare, Umesh V and Rao, CNR (2010) Graphene Analogues of BN: Novel Synthesis and Properties. In: ACS Nano, 4 (3). pp. 1539-1544.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nn9018762

Abstract

Enthused by the fascinating properties of graphene, we have prepared graphene analogues of BN by a chemical method with a control on the number of layers. The method involves the reaction of boric acid with urea, wherein the relative proportions of the two have been varied over a wide range. Synthesis with a high proportion of urea yields a product with a majority of 1-4 layers. The surface area of BN increases progressively with the decreasing number of layers, and the high surface area BN exhibits high CO, adsorption, but negligible H, adsorption. Few-layer BN has been solubilized by interaction with Lewis bases. We have used first-principles simulations to determine structure, phonon dispersion, and elastic properties of BN with planar honeycomb lattice-based n-layer forms. We find that the mechanical stability of BN with respect to out-of-plane deformation is quite different from that of graphene, as evident in the dispersion of their flexural modes. BN is softer than graphene and exhibits signatures of long-range ionic interactions in its optical phonons. Finally, structures with different stacking sequences of BN have comparable energies, suggesting relative abundance of slip faults, stacking faults, and structural inhomogeneities in multilayer BN.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Keywords: BN;graphene;gas adsorption;phonons;mechanical stability; elastic modulus
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2010 07:11
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/27016

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