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Structure and optical properties of Cd-substituted ZnO (Zn1-xCdxO) nanostructures synthesized by the high-pressure solution route

Ghosh, Manoranjan and Raychaudhuri, AK (2007) Structure and optical properties of Cd-substituted ZnO (Zn1-xCdxO) nanostructures synthesized by the high-pressure solution route. In: Nanotechnology, 18 (11).

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Official URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/0957-4484/18/11/115618?e...

Abstract

We report the synthesis of Cd-substituted ZnO nanostructures (Zn1-xCdxO with x up to approximate to 0.09) by the high-pressure solution growth method. The synthesized nanostructures comprise nanocrystals that are both particles (similar to 10-15 nm) and rods which grow along the [002] direction as established by transmission electron microscope (TEM) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. Rietveld analysis of the XRD data shows a monotonic increase of the unit cell volume with the increase of Cd concentration. The optical absorption, as well as the photoluminescence (PL), shows a red shift on Cd substitution. The line width of the PL spectrum is related to the strain inhomogeneity and it peaks in the region where the CdO phase separates from the Zn1-xCdxO nanostructures. The time-resolved photoemission showed a long-lived (similar to 10 ns) component. We propose that the PL behaviour of the Zn1-xCdxO is dominated by strain in the sample with the red shift of the PL linked to the expansion of the unit cell volume on Cd substitution.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to IOP Publishing Limited.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2010 05:34
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/27076

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