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Metal-spinel-corundum three phase equilibria in the system Ni-Cr-Al-O at 1373 K

Jacob, KT and Shekhar, Chander and Waseda, Y (2007) Metal-spinel-corundum three phase equilibria in the system Ni-Cr-Al-O at 1373 K. In: High Temperature Materials and Processes, 26 (1). pp. 17-32.

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Abstract

The tie-lines representing the inter-crystalline ion exchange equilibria between the NiCr2O4-NiAl2O4 spinet solid solution and Cr2O3-Al2O3 corundum solid solution are determined by electron microprobe andEDAX pointcountanalysis of the oxide phases equilibrated with metallic Ni at 1373 K. The component activities in the spinet solid solution are derived from the tie-lines and thermodynamic data for Cr2O3-Al2O3 solid solution available in the literature. The Gibbs energy of mixing of the spinet solid solution calculated from the experimental data is discussed in relation to the values derived from the cation distribution models which assume random mixing of cations on both tetrahedral and octahedral sites. Positive deviation from the models is observed indicating significant positive enthalpy contribution arising form the size mismatch between Al+3 and Ni+2 ions on the tetrahedral site and Al+3, Ni+2 and Cr+3 on the octahedral site. Variation of the oxygen potential for threephase equilibrium involving metallic nickel, spinet solid solution and corundum solid solution is computed as a function of composition of the solid solutions at 1373 K. The oxygen potential exhibits a minimum at aluminum cationic fraction eta(Al)/(eta(Al) + eta(Cr)) = 0.524 in the oxide solid solutions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Freund Publishing House.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2010 09:38
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2010 09:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/27089

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