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Stereochemical Analysis of Higher α,α-Dialkylglycine Containing Peptides. Characterization of Local Helical Conformations at Dipropylglycine Residues and Observation of a Novel Hydrated Multiple β-Turn Structure in Crystals of a Glycine Rich Peptide

Karle, Isabella L and Ramesh, Kaul and Balaji, Rao R and Raghothama, Srinivasarao and Balaram, P (1997) Stereochemical Analysis of Higher α,α-Dialkylglycine Containing Peptides. Characterization of Local Helical Conformations at Dipropylglycine Residues and Observation of a Novel Hydrated Multiple β-Turn Structure in Crystals of a Glycine Rich Peptide. In: Journal of American Chemical Society, 119 (50). pp. 12048-12054.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja970596z

Abstract

The peptide Boc-Gly-Dpg-Gly-Gly-Dpg-Gly-NHMe (1) has been synthesized to examine the conformational preferences of Dpg residues in the context of a poor helix promoting sequence. Single crystals of 1 were obtained in the space group P21/c with a = 13.716(2) Å, b = 12.960(2) Å, c = 22.266(4) Å, and β = 98.05(1)°; R = 6.3% for 3660 data with |Fo| > 4σ. The molecular conformation in crystals revealed that the Gly(1)-Dpg(2) segment adopts φ, ψ values distorted from those expected for an ideal type II‘ β-turn (φGly(1) = +72.0°, ψGly(1) = −166.0°; φDpg(2) = −54.0°, ψDpg(2) = −46.0°) with an inserted water molecule between Boc-CO and Gly(3)NH. The Gly(3)-Gly(4) segment adopts φ, ψ values which lie broadly in the right handed helical region (φGly(3) = −78.0°, ψGly(3) = −9.0°; φGly(4) = −80.0°, ψGly(4) = −18.0°). There is a chiral reversal at Dpg(5) which takes up φ, ψ values in the left handed helical region. The Dpg(5)-Gly(6) segment closely resembles an ideal type I‘ β-turn (φDpg(5) = +56.0°, ψDpg(5) = +32.0°; φGly(6) = +85.0°, ψGly(6) = −3.0°). Molecules of both chiral senses are found in the centrosymmetric crystal. The C-terminus forms a hydrated Schellman motif, with water insertion into the potential 6 → 1 hydrogen bond between Gly(1)CO and Gly(6)NH. NMR studies in CDCl3 suggest substantial retention of the multiple turn conformation observed in crystals. In solution the observed NOEs support local helical conformation at the two Dpg residues.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2010 05:06
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/27369

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