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Unfolding of Plasmodium falciparum Triosephosphate Isomerase in Urea and Guanidinium Chloride: Evidence for a Novel Disulfide Exchange Reaction in a Covalently Cross-Linked Mutant†

Rajesh, S Gokhale and Soumya, S Ray and Hemalatha, Balaram and Balaram, P (1999) Unfolding of Plasmodium falciparum Triosephosphate Isomerase in Urea and Guanidinium Chloride: Evidence for a Novel Disulfide Exchange Reaction in a Covalently Cross-Linked Mutant†. In: Biochemistry, 38 (1). pp. 423-431.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/bi981087s

Abstract

The conformational stability of Plasmodium falciparum triosephosphate isomerase (TIMWT) enzyme has been investigated in urea and guanidinium chloride (GdmCl) solutions using circular dichroism, fluorescence, and size-exclusion chromatography. The dimeric enzyme is remarkably stable in urea solutions. It retains considerable secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure even in 8 M urea. In contrast, the unfolding transition is complete by 2.4 M GdmCl. Although the secondary as well as the tertiary interactions melt before the perturbation of the quaternary structure, these studies imply that the dissociation of the dimer into monomers ultimately leads to the collapse of the structure, suggesting that the interfacial interactions play a major role in determining multimeric protein stability. The C-m(urea)/C-m(GdmCl) ratio (where C-m is the concentration of the denaturant required at the transition midpoint) is unusually high for triosephosphate isomerase as compared to other monomeric and dimeric proteins. A disulfide crosslinked mutant protein (Y74C) engineered to form two disulfide cross-links across the interface (13-74') and (13'-74) is dramatically destablized in urea. The unfolding transition is complete by 6 M urea and involves a novel mechanism of dimer dissociation through intramolecular thiol-disulfide exchange.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2010 05:13
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/27372

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