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Conformation of di-n-propylglycine residues (Dpg) in peptides: crystal structures of a type I 'beta-turn forming tetrapeptide and an alpha-helical tetradecapeptide

Hegde, RP and Aravinda, S and Rai, R and Kaul, R and Vijayalakshmi, S and Rao, RB and Shamala, N and Balaram, P (2008) Conformation of di-n-propylglycine residues (Dpg) in peptides: crystal structures of a type I 'beta-turn forming tetrapeptide and an alpha-helical tetradecapeptide. In: Journal of Peptide Science, 141 (5). pp. 648-659.

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/1178655...

Abstract

The crystal structures of two oligopeptides containing di-n-propylglycine (Dpg) residues, Boc-Gly-Dpg-Gly-Leu-OMe (1) and Boc-Val-Ala-Leu-Dpg-Val-Ala-Leu-Val-Ala-Leu-Dpg-Val-Ala-Leu-OMe (2) are presented. Peptide 1 adopts a type I' beta-turn conformation with Dpg(2)-Gly(3) at the corner positions. The 14-residue peptide 2 crystallizes with two molecules in the asymmetric unit, both of which adopt alpha-helical conformations stabilized by 11 successive 5 -> 1 hydrogen bonds. In addition, a single 4 -> 1 hydrogen bond is also observed at the N-terminus. All live Dpg residues adopt backbone torsion angles (phi, psi) in the helical region of conformational space. Evaluation of the available structural data on Dpg peptides confirm the correlation between backbone bond angle N-C-alpha-C' (tau) and the observed backbone phi,psi values. For tau > 106 degrees, helices are observed, while fully extended structures are characterized by tau < 106 degrees. The mean r values for extended and folded conformations for the Dpg residue are 103.6 degrees +/- 1.7 degrees and 109.9 degrees +/- 2.6 degrees, respectively. Copyright (C) 2007 European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Keywords: di-n-propylglycine; peptide helices; helical conformations; crystal structures.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 19 May 2010 05:24
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/27403

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