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N-H center dot center dot center dot O and C-H center dot center dotcenter dot O interaction mimicry in the 1:1 molecular complexes of 5,5-diethylbarbituric acid with urea and acetamide

Thakur, Tejender S and Azim, Yasser and Srinu, Tothadi and Desiraju, Gautam R (2010) N-H center dot center dot center dot O and C-H center dot center dotcenter dot O interaction mimicry in the 1:1 molecular complexes of 5,5-diethylbarbituric acid with urea and acetamide. In: Current Science, 98 (6). pp. 793-802.

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Abstract

The analogy between N-H center dot center dot center dot O and C-H center dot center dot center dot O intermolecular interactions is studied with variable temperature (180-100 K) single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis.5,5-Diethylbarbituric acid (barbital) forms isostructural molecular complexes (co-crystals) with urea (1) and acetamide (2) that respectively contain these analogous interactions.The behaviour of these two interactions as a function of temperature is very similar. This indicates that the C-H center dot center dot center dot O bond in barbital acetamide plays a similar chemical and structural role as does the N-H center dot center dot center dot O bond in barbital urea. The close relationship between these interactions and their comparable nature is further adduced from the formation of a ternary solid solution (3) of barbital, urea and acetamide. The fact that the C-H center dot center dot center dot O interaction in barbital acetamide is weaker than the N-H center dot center dot center dot O interaction in barbital urea is shown by the fact that acetamide is under expressed and urea is over expressed with respect to the quantities of these substances present in solution prior to crystallization of these ternary crystals.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Science.
Keywords: Barbital;co-crystal;hydrogen bond;isostructurality;X-ray crystallography
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2010 09:14
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/27460

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