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Mechanism of lectin-cell interactions: thermodynamic and kinetic analysis of the binding of winged bean acidic lectin (WBA II) to human erythrocytes

Sajjan, SU and Patanjali, SR and Surolia, A (1992) Mechanism of lectin-cell interactions: thermodynamic and kinetic analysis of the binding of winged bean acidic lectin (WBA II) to human erythrocytes. In: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 29 (2). pp. 219-225.

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Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1398717

Abstract

In order to identify the forces involved in the binding and to understand the mechanism involved, equilibrium and kinetic studies were performed on the binding of the winged bean acidic lectin to human erythrocytes. The magnitudes of delta S and delta H were positive and negative respectively, an observation differing markedly from the lectin-simple sugar interactions where delta S and delta H are generally negative. Analysis of the sign and magnitudes of these values indicate that ionic and hydrogen bonded interactions prevail over hydrophobic interactions resulting in net -ve delta H (-37.12 kJ.mol-1) and +ve delta S (14.4 J.mole-1 K-1 at 20 degrees C), thereby suggesting that this entropy driven reaction also reflects conformational changes in the lectin and/or the receptor. Presence of two kinds of receptors for WBA II on erythrocytes, as observed by equilibrium studies, is consistent with the biexponential dissociation rate constants (at 20 degrees C K1 = 1.67 x 10(-3) M-1 sec-1 and K2 = 11.1 x 10(-3) M-1 sec-1). These two rate constants differed by an order of magnitude accounting for the difference in the association constants of the two receptors of WBA II. However, the association process remains monoexponential suggesting no observable difference in the association rates of the lectin molecule with both the receptors, under the experimental conditions studied. The thermodynamic parameters calculated from kinetic data correlate well with those observed by equilibrium. A two-step binding mechanism is proposed based on the kinetic parameters for WBA II-receptor interaction

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 21 May 2010 05:59
Last Modified: 21 May 2010 05:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/27523

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