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Biosynthesis of valine and isoleucine in plants I. Formation of α-acetolactate in Phaseolus radiatus

Satyanarayana, T and Radhakrishnan, AN (1963) Biosynthesis of valine and isoleucine in plants I. Formation of α-acetolactate in Phaseolus radiatus. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 77 . pp. 121-132.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0006-3002(63)90474-8

Abstract

1. 1. The presence of an enzyme system in plants catalyzing the formation of α-acetolactate from pyruvate has been demonstrated; the system in green gram (Phaseolus radiatus) has been partially purified and its characteristics have been studied.2. Free acetaldehyde is formed as a product of the reaction and so the reaction is mainly diverted towards the formation of acetoin. 3. The system requires thiamine pyrophosphate and a divalent metal ion (Mn2+ or Mg2+) for maximum activity. The optimum pH is around 6.0 and the optimum temperature is 60°. 4. The system is very labile in absence of pyruvate, Mn2+ and DPT. 5. The Km values for pyruvate, Mn2+, Mg2+ and DPT are 3·10−2 M. 5·10−5 M, 2·10−5 M, and e·10−6 M respectively. The activation energy is 3540 cal/mole. 6. The enzyme is strongly inhibited by p-chloromercuribenzoate and the inhibition can be reversed partially by 2-mercaptoethanol, BAL or cysteine. Heavy metals, such as Hg2+ and Ag+, are inhibitory but l-valine does not inhibit the reaction.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 24 May 2010 10:43
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/28108

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