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Ferrolysis induced soil transformation by natural drainage in Vertisols of sub-humid South India

Barbiero, Laurent and Kumar, MS Mohan and Violette, A and Oliva, P and Braun, JJ and Kumar, C and Furian, S and Babic, M and Riotte, J and Valles, V (2010) Ferrolysis induced soil transformation by natural drainage in Vertisols of sub-humid South India. In: Geoderma, 156 (3-4). pp. 173-188.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.02.014

Abstract

In sub-humid South India, recent studies have shown that black soil areas (Vertisols and vertic Intergrades), located on flat valley bottoms, have been rejuvenated through the incision of streambeds, inducing changes in the pedoclimate and soil transformation. Joint pedological, geochemical and geophysical investigations were performed in order to better understand the ongoing processes and their contribution to the chemistry of local rivers. The seasonal rainfall causes cycles of oxidation and reduction in a perched watertable at the base of the black soil, while the reduced solutions are exported through a loamy sand network. This framework favours a ferrolysis process, which causes low base saturation and protonation of clay, leading to the weathering of 2:1 then 1:1 clay minerals. Maximum weathering conditions occur at the very end of the wet season, just before disappearance of the perched watertable. Therefore, the by-products of soil transformation are partially drained off and calcareous nodules, then further downslope, amorphous silica precipitate upon soil dehydration. The ferrolysed area is fringing the drainage system indicating that its development has been induced by the streambed incision. The distribution of C-14 ages of CaCO3 nodules suggests that the ferrolysis process started during the late Holocene, only about 2 kyr B.P. at the studied site and about 5 kyr B.P. at the watershed outlet. The results of this study are applied to an assessment of the physical erosion rate (4.8x10(-3) m/kyr) since the recent reactivation of the erosion process. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Vertisol;Ferrolysis;Duripan;Calcareous nodules; Physical erosion rate;Late Holocene;South India
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2010 05:38
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/28170

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