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Pd and Pt ions as highly active sites for the water-gas shift reaction over combustion synthesized zirconia and zirconia-modified ceria

Deshpande, Parag A and Hegde, MS and Madras, Giridhar (2010) Pd and Pt ions as highly active sites for the water-gas shift reaction over combustion synthesized zirconia and zirconia-modified ceria. In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 96 (1-2). pp. 83-93.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.02.004

Abstract

Noble metal substituted ionic catalysts were synthesized by solution combustion technique. The compounds were characterized by X-ray diffraction, FT-Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Zirconia supported compounds crystallized in tetragonal phase. The solid solutions of ceria with zirconia crystallized in fluorite structure. The noble metals were substituted in ionic form.The water-gas shift reaction was carried out over the catalysts.Negligible conversions were observed with unsubstituted compounds. The substitution of a noble metal ion was found to enhance the reaction rate. Equilibrium conversion was obtained below 250 degrees C in the presence of Pt ion substituted compounds. The formation of Bronsted acid-Bronsted base pairs was proposed to explain the activity of zirconia catalysts. The effect of oxide ion vacancies on the reactions over substituted ceria-zirconia solid solutions was established. (c)2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Heterogeneous catalysis;Solid solutions;Oxide ion vacancy; Redox mechanism;Surface processes;Acid-base pairs
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2010 05:19
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:08
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/28180

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