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Oxidation of vitamin A1 and vitamin A2 aldehydes to the corresponding acids by enzymes from pig and rat livers

Bamji, MS and Mahadevan, S and Lakshmanan, MR and Murthy, SK (1962) Oxidation of vitamin A1 and vitamin A2 aldehydes to the corresponding acids by enzymes from pig and rat livers. In: Nature, 196 (4855). pp. 672-673.

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Official URL: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v196/n4855/ab...

Abstract

VITAMIN A is stored in rat liver largely as its ester with small amounts of the alcohol, but is transported in the normal circulating blood in the latter form1. Although it was generally believed that the alcohol form is the more physiological state of the vitamin, since the work of Dowling and Wald2, it is being recognized that vitamin A acid and not the alcohol may be nearer to the 'active vitamin A'. If this were to be so, it would be important to demonstrate that a mechanism exists in the rat for the production of vitamin A acid from vitamin A alcohol through the intermediate, the aldehyde. Regarding the formation of the aldehyde, it has been well established that the alcohol dehydrogenase can bring about the conversion of vitamin A alcohol to retinene3. The presence of an enzyme in rat and pig liver catalysing the oxidation of retinene1 and retinene2 to the corresponding acids has been demonstrated in the present work and the partially purified enzyme preparation shown to be completely devoid of alcohol dehydrogenase activity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Nature Publishing Group.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2010 09:06
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2010 09:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/28252

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