Balasubrahamanyam, SN and Balasubramanian, M (1971) Stereoselectivity in the addition of hydrogen chloride to cyclohex-1-enecarbonitrile: Possible role of chlorine lone pair-nitrile π-orbital pseudoallylic A1, 3 interaction. In: Journal of the Chemical Society C: Organic Chemistry (5). pp. 827-830.
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The (overall trans) addition of hydrogen chloride to cyclohex-1- enecarbonitrile in anhydrous alcoholic media proceeds to give cis-2-chlorocyclohexanecarboxylate (together with some cis-2- chlorocyclohexanecarboxamide): no corresponding products with the trans-configuration are detectable. In anhydrous ether the addition proceeds to give a single isomer, presumably cis-, of 2-chlorocyclohexanecarbonitrile, indicating that the configuration of the products may not be equilibrium-controlled in alcoholic media. An examination of the steric factors indicates that the transition state for protonation of the presumed intermediate, 2-chlorocyclohexylidenemethylideneimine, leading to cis-product is favoured if interaction between the lateral π-orbital of the C-N double bond and the lone-pairs on the chlorine atom at the 2-position is large. Consideration of interactions in the transition states meets Zimmerman's criticism that invoking A1, 3 interaction existing in ground states to explain product configuration takes insufficient account of the Curtin-Hammett principle.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry|
|Date Deposited:||11 Jun 2010 08:36|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 06:08|
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