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Polarographic and redox potential studies on copper(I) and copper(II) and their complexes. Part I. Copper(I and II)-ammonia and methylamine complexes

Srinivasan, K and Subrahmanya, RS (1971) Polarographic and redox potential studies on copper(I) and copper(II) and their complexes. Part I. Copper(I and II)-ammonia and methylamine complexes. In: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 31 (1). pp. 233-244.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0728(71)80062-1

Abstract

The equilibrium between cuprous ion, cupric ion and metallic copper has been studied using polarographic and redox potential measurements, by reducing cupric ion with copper gauze until equilibrium. Using the well-defined anodic diffusion current plateau, an amperometric method for estimating cuprous copper based on the titration of cuprous ion with dichromate or permanganate has been developed. The diffusion current constant and the disproportionation constant of cuprous ion and the standard potential for the reduction reaction of Cu2+ → Cu+ have been determined. Polarograms have been taken after reducing cupric complexes of ammonia and methylamine with copper until equilibrium. In the case of the copper-ammonia system, reduction to the cuprous state is practically complete while in the case of the cupric-methylamine system, the first cathodic wave occurs to some extent. A new method, called the polarographic-redox potential method, for determining the stability constants of cuprous and cupric complexes has been developed. The method depends upon the determination of the concentration of complexes by polarographic wave heights, and free cupric anc cuprous ions by redox potentials. The stability constants of the following complexes have been obtained: Cu(NH3)2+4, Cu(NH3)+2, Cu(CH3NH2)2(OH)2, Cu(CH3NH2)+2. The stability constants determined by the new method and the half-wave potential shift method agree and the value for the cupric-ammonia complex is in good agreement with Bjerrum method, indicating the reliability of this method.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2010 07:37
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:09
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/28447

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