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Use of quadrupolar nuclei for quantum-information processing by nuclear magnetic resonance: Implementation of a quantum algorithm

Das, Ranabir and Kumar, Anil (2003) Use of quadrupolar nuclei for quantum-information processing by nuclear magnetic resonance: Implementation of a quantum algorithm. In: Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics), 68 (3). pp. 32304-1.

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Abstract

Physical implementation of quantum-information processing by liquid-state nuclear magnetic resonance, using weakly coupled spin- 1/2 nuclei of a molecule, is well established. Nuclei with spin.1/2 oriented in liquid-crystalline matrices is another possibility. Such systems have multiple qubits per nuclei and large quadrupolar couplings resulting in well separated lines in the spectrum. So far, creation of pseudopure states and logic gates has been demonstrated in such systems using transition selective radio-frequency pulses. In this paper we report two developments. First, we implement a quantum algorithm that needs coherent superposition of states. Second, we use evolution under quadrupolar coupling to implement multiqubit gates. We implement the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm on a spin- 3/2 (2 qubit) system. The controlled-NOT operation needed to implement this algorithm has been implemented here by evolution under the quadrupolar Hamiltonian. To the best of our knowledge, this method has been implemented for the first time in quadrupolar systems. Since the quadrupolar coupling is several orders of magnitude greater than the coupling in weakly coupled spin- 1/2 nuclei, the gate time decreases, increasing the clock speed of the quantum computer.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Physical Society (APS).
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Sophisticated Instruments Facility
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2004
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/287

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