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Contribution of different physical forces to the disjoining pressure of a thin water film being pressed by an oil droplet

Kumar, Deepak and Biswas, Sanjay K (2010) Contribution of different physical forces to the disjoining pressure of a thin water film being pressed by an oil droplet. In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 348 (1). pp. 255-264.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2010.04.009

Abstract

With an objective to understand the nature of forces which contribute to the disjoining pressure of a thin water film on a steel substrate being pressed by an oil droplet, two independent sets of experiments were done. (i) A spherical silica probe approaches the three substrates; mica, PTFE and steel, in a 10 mM electrolyte solution at two different pHs (3 and 10). (ii) The silica probe with and without a smeared oil film approaches the same three substrates in water (pH = 6). The surface potential of the oil film/water was measured using a dynamic light scattering experiment. Assuming the capacity of a substrate for ion exchange the total interaction force for each experiment was estimated to include the Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) force, hydration repulsion, hydrophobic attraction and oil-capillary attraction. The best fit of these estimates to the force-displacement characteristics obtained from the two sets of experiment gives the appropriate surface potentials of the substrates. The procedure allows an assessment of the relevance of a specific physical interaction to an experimental configuration. Two of the principal observations of this work are: (i) The presence of a surface at constant charge, as in the presence of an oil film on the probe, significantly enhances the counterion density over what is achieved when both the surfaces allow ion exchange. This raises the corresponding repulsion barrier greatly. (ii) When the substrate surface is wettable by oil, oil-capillary attraction contributes substantially to the total interaction. If it is not wettable the oil film is deformed and squeezed out. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Thin water film; Disjoining pressure; Physical forces
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2010 10:59
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:10
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/28970

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