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Association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene polymorphisms & colorectal cancer in India

Chandy, Sunil and Adiga, Sadananda MN and Ramachandra, N and Krishnamoorthy, S and Ramaswamy, Girija and Savithri, HS and Krishnamoorthy, Lakshmi (2010) Association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene polymorphisms & colorectal cancer in India. In: Indian Journal of Medical Research, 131 (5). pp. 659-664.

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Official URL: http://icmr.nic.in/ijmr/2010/May/Contents.htm

Abstract

Background & objectives: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a critical enzyme in folate metabolism and involved in DNA synthesis, DNA repair and DNA methylation. The two common functional polymorphisms of MTHFR, 677C -> T and 1298 A -> C have shown to impact several diseases including cancer. This case-control study was undertaken to analyse the association of the MTHFR gene polymorphisms 677 C -> T and 1298 A -> C and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC).Methods: One hundred patients with a confirmed histopathologic diagnosis of CRC and 86 age and gender matched controls with no history of cancer were taken for this study. DNA was isolated from peripheral blood samples and the genotypes were determined by PCR-RFLP. The risk association was estimated by compounding odds ratio (OR) with 95 per cent confidence interval (CI). Results: Genotype frequency of MTHFR 677 CC, CT and TT were 76.7, 22.1 and 1.16 per cent in controls, and 74,25 and 1.0 per cent among patients. The 'T' allele frequency was 12.21 and 13.5 per cent in controls and patients respectively. The genotype frequency of MTHFR 1298 AA, AC, and CC were 25.6, 58.1 and 16.3 per cent for controls and 22, 70 and 8 per cent for patents respectively. The 'C' allele frequency for 1298 A -> C was 43.0 and 45.3 per cent respectively for controls and patients. The OR for 677 CT was 1.18 (95% CI 0.59-2.32, P = 0.642), OR for 1298 AC was 1.68 (95% CI 0.92-3.08, P = 0.092) and OR for 1298 CC was 0.45(95% CI 0.18-1.12, P = 0.081). The OR for the combined heterozygous state (677 CT and 1298 AC) was 1.18(95% CI 0.52-2.64, P =0.697).Interpretation & conclusion: The frequency of the MTHFR 677 TT genotype is rare as compared to 1298 CC genotype in the population studied. There was no association between 677 C -> T and 1298 A -> C polymorphisms and risk of CRC either individually or in combination. The homozygous state for 1298 A -> C polymorphism appears to slightly lower risk of CRC. This needs to be confirmed with a larger sample size.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Council of Medical Research.
Keywords: Colorectal cancer;MTHFR gene polymorphisms
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2010 06:48
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 10:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/28977

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