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PEDOT-PSSA as an alternative support for Pt electrodes in PEFCs

Tintula, KK and Pitchumani, S and Sridhar, P and Shukla, AK (2010) PEDOT-PSSA as an alternative support for Pt electrodes in PEFCs. In: Bulletin of Materials Science, 33 (2). pp. 157-163.

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Abstract

Poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) and poly (styrene sulphonic acid) (PSSA) supported platinum (Pt) electrodes for application in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) are reported. PEDOT-PSSA support helps Pt particles to be uniformly distributed on to the electrodes, and facilitates mixed electronic and ionic (H+-ion) conduction within the catalyst, ameliorating Pt utilization. The inherent proton conductivity of PEDOT-PSSA composite also helps reducing Nation content in PEFC electrodes. During prolonged operation of PEFCs, Pt electrodes supported onto PEDOT-PSSA composite exhibit lower corrosion in relation to Pt electrodes supported onto commercially available Vulcan XC-72R carbon. Physical properties of PEDOT-PSSA composite have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. PEFCs with PEDOT-PSSA-supported Pt catalyst electrodes offer a peak power-density of 810 mW cm(-2) at a load current-density of 1800 mA cm(-2) with Nation content as low as 5 wt.% in the catalyst layer. Accordingly, the present study provides a novel alternative support for platinized PEFC electrodes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene);poly (styrene sulphonic acid); H2/O2 fuel cell; corrosion;Nafion content.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2010 04:33
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:11
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/29208

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