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Increasing ionic conductivity of polymer-sodium salt complex by addition of a non-ionic plastic crystal

Patel, Monalisa and Chandrappa, Kodihalli G and Bhattacharyya, Aninda Jiban (2010) Increasing ionic conductivity of polymer-sodium salt complex by addition of a non-ionic plastic crystal. In: Solid State Ionics, 181 (17-18). pp. 844-848.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2010.04.013

Abstract

Ionic conductivity and other physico-chemical properties of a soft matter composite electrolyte comprising of a polymer-sodium salt complex and a non-ionic plastic crystal are discussed here. The electrolyte under discussion comprises of polyethyleneoxide (PEO)-sodium triflate (NaCF3SO3) and succinonitrile (SN). Addition of SN to PEO-NaCF3SO3 resulted in significant enhancement in ionic conductivity. At 50% SN concentration (with respect to weight of polymer), the polymer-plastic composite electrolyte room temperature (= 25 degrees C) ionic conductivity was similar to 1.1 x 10(-4) Omega(-1) cm(-1), approximately 45 times higher than PEO-NaCF3SO3. Observations from ac-impedance spectroscopy along with X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry and Fourier transform inrared spectroscopy strongly suggest the enhancement in the composite is ionicconductivity due to enhanced ion mobility via decrease in crystallinity of PEO. The free standing composite polymer-plastic electrolytes were more compliable than PEO-NaCF3SO3 thus exhibiting no detrimental effects of succinonitrile addition on the mechanical stability of PEO-NaCF3SO3. We propose that the exploratory PEO-NaCF3SO3-SN system.discussed here will eventually be developed as a prototype electrolyte.for sodium-sulfur batteries capable of operating at ambient and.sub-ambient conditions. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Solid soft matter electrolyte;Plastic crystal;Segmental motion;Ionic conductivity
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2010 06:43
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/31023

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