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Electro-Oxidation of Borohydride on Rhodium, Iridium, and Rhodium-Iridium Bimetallic Nanoparticles with Implications to Direct Borohydride Fuel Cells

Kiran, V and Ravikumar, T and Kalyanasundaram, NT and Krishnamurty, S and Shukla, AK and Sampath, S (2010) Electro-Oxidation of Borohydride on Rhodium, Iridium, and Rhodium-Iridium Bimetallic Nanoparticles with Implications to Direct Borohydride Fuel Cells. In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 157 (8). B1201-B1208.

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Abstract

Electrochemical oxidation of borohydride is studied on nanosized rhodium, iridium, and bimetallic rhodium-iridium catalysts supported onto Vulcan XC72R carbon. The catalysts are characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy in conjunction with cyclic voltammetry and polarization studies. The studies reveal that a 20 wt % bimetallic Rh-Ir catalyst supported onto carbon (Rh-Ir/C) is quite effective for the oxidation of borohydride. Direct borohydride fuel cell with Rh-Ir/C as the anode catalyst and Pt/C as the cathode catalyst exhibits a peak power density of 270 mW/cm(2) at a load current density of 290 mA/cm(2) as against 200 mW/cm(2) at 225 mA/cm(2) for Rh/C and 140 mW/cm(2) at 165 mA/cm(2) for Ir/C while operating at 80 degrees C. The synergistic catalytic activity for the bimetallic Rh-Ir nanoparticles toward borohydride oxidation is corroborated by density-functional theory calculations using electron-localization function. (C) 2010 The Electrochemical Society. [DOI:10.1149/1.3442372] All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this artcile belongs to The Electrochemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2010 12:02
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/31032

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