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Reliability models for existing structures based on dynamic state estimation and data based asymptotic extreme value analysis

Radhika, B and Manohar, CS (2010) Reliability models for existing structures based on dynamic state estimation and data based asymptotic extreme value analysis. In: Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics, 25 (4). pp. 393-405.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.probengmech.2010.05.00...

Abstract

The problem of time variant reliability analysis of existing structures subjected to stationary random dynamic excitations is considered. The study assumes that samples of dynamic response of the structure, under the action of external excitations, have been measured at a set of sparse points on the structure. The utilization of these measurements m in updating reliability models, postulated prior to making any measurements, is considered. This is achieved by using dynamic state estimation methods which combine results from Markov process theory and Bayes' theorem. The uncertainties present in measurements as well as in the postulated model for the structural behaviour are accounted for. The samples of external excitations are taken to emanate from known stochastic models and allowance is made for ability (or lack of it) to measure the applied excitations. The future reliability of the structure is modeled using expected structural response conditioned on all the measurements made. This expected response is shown to have a time varying mean and a random component that can be treated as being weakly stationary. For linear systems, an approximate analytical solution for the problem of reliability model updating is obtained by combining theories of discrete Kalman filter and level crossing statistics. For the case of nonlinear systems, the problem is tackled by combining particle filtering strategies with data based extreme value analysis. In all these studies, the governing stochastic differential equations are discretized using the strong forms of Ito-Taylor's discretization schemes. The possibility of using conditional simulation strategies, when applied external actions are measured, is also considered. The proposed procedures are exemplifiedmby considering the reliability analysis of a few low-dimensional dynamical systems based on synthetically generated measurement data. The performance of the procedures developed is also assessed based on a limited amount of pertinent Monte Carlo simulations. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Dynamic state estimation;Reliability of existing structures; Extreme value analysis;Ito-Taylor expansion
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2010 05:35
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:14
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/31318

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