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Effect of Nanostructuring and Ex situ Amorphous Carbon Coverage on the Lithium Storage and Insertion Kinetics in Anatase Titania

Das, Shyamal Kumar and Patel, Manu and Bhattacharyya, Aninda J (2010) Effect of Nanostructuring and Ex situ Amorphous Carbon Coverage on the Lithium Storage and Insertion Kinetics in Anatase Titania. In: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2 (7). pp. 2091-2099.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/am1003409

Abstract

Implications of nanostructuring and conductive carbon interface on lithium insertion/removal capacity and insertion kinetics innanoparticles of anatase polymorph of titania is discussed here.Sol-gel synthesized nanoparticles of titania (particle size similar to 6 nm) were hydrothermally coated ex situ with a thin layer of amorphous carbon (layer thickness: 2-5 nm) and calcined at a temperature much higher than the sol-gel synthesis temperature. The carbon-titania composite particles (resulting size similar to 10 nm) displayed immensely superior cyclability and rate capability (higher current rates similar to 4 g(-1)) compared to unmodified calcined anatase titania. The conductive carbon interface around titania nanocrystal enhances the electronic conductivity and inhibits crystallite growth during electrochemical insertion/removal thus preventing detrimental kinetic effects observed in case of unmodified anatase titania. The carbon coating of the nanoparticles also stabilized the titania crystallographic structure via reduction in the accessibility of lithium ions to the trapping sites. This resulted in a decrease in the irreversible capacity observed in the case of nanoparticles without any carbon coating.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Keywords: anatase titanium dioxide;nanoparticles;carbon coating; insertion;percolation;lithium-ion battery
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2010 05:26
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:14
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/31358

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