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An improved representation of vehicle incompatibility in frontal NCAP tests using a modified rigid barrier

Deb, A and Naravane, A (2006) An improved representation of vehicle incompatibility in frontal NCAP tests using a modified rigid barrier. In: International Journal of Crashworthiness, , 11 (1). pp. 13-25.

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Official URL: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/6084613-99288989/...

Abstract

With the objective of better understanding the significance of New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) tests conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), head-on collisions between two identical cars of different sizes and between cars and a pickup truck are studied in the present paper using LS-DYNA models. Available finite element models of a compact car (Dodge Neon), midsize car (Dodge Intrepid), and pickup truck (Chevrolet C1500) are first improved and validated by comparing theanalysis-based vehicle deceleration pulses against corresponding NCAP crash test histories reported by NHTSA. In confirmation of prevalent perception, simulation-bascd results indicate that an NCAP test against a rigid barrier is a good representation of a collision between two similar cars approaching each other at a speed of 56.3 kmph (35 mph) both in terms of peak deceleration and intrusions. However, analyses carried out for collisions between two incompatible vehicles, such as an Intrepid or Neon against a C1500, point to the inability of the NCAP tests in representing the substantially higher intrusions in the front upper regions experienced by the cars, although peak decelerations in cars arc comparable to those observed in NCAP tests. In an attempt to improve the capability of a front NCAP test to better represent real-world crashes between incompatible vehicles, i.e., ones with contrasting ride height and lower body stiffness, two modified rigid barriers are studied. One of these barriers, which is of stepped geometry with a curved front face, leads to significantly improved correlation of intrusions in the upper regions of cars with respect to those yielded in the simulation of collisions between incompatible vehicles, together with the yielding of similar vehicle peak decelerations obtained in NCAP tests.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright of this article belongs to Informa plc.
Keywords: vehicle; compatibility; NCAP; rigid barrier; simulation.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Product Design & Manufacturing
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2010 10:01
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2010 10:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/31650

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