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Levitation effect: Size-dependent maximum in rotational diffusion in confined systems

Sharma, Manju and Bhide, SY and Yashonath, S (2005) Levitation effect: Size-dependent maximum in rotational diffusion in confined systems. In: Journal of Chemical Physics, 122 . 144505/1-5.

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Abstract

Molecular dynamics of a model guest tetrahedral molecule $AX_4$ with differing bond lengths $l_A_X$ for A–X bonds have been carried out in a sphere with different surface roughness. The rotational-diffusion coefficient $D_R$ shows a maximum for a particular value of $l_A_X$. We show that this corresponds to the distance at which the interaction of the guest with the atoms of the host is most favorable. Although, the intensity of the maximum decreases with increase in the roughness of the confining surface, it is seen that the maximum exists even for a reasonably high degree of roughness. The observed maximum arises from the minimum in the torque on the tetrahedral molecule from its interaction with the confining medium due to mutual cancellation of forces. Activation energy for rotation is seen to be also a minimum for the bond length for which $D_R$ is a maximum. These results suggest that there is a maximum in the rotational-diffusion coefficient when the rotating molecule is confined to a sphere of comparable size similar to the maximum in translational diffusion coefficient seen in porous solids (the levitation effect) [Yashonath and Santikary J. Phys. Chem. 98, 6368 (1994)]. On increase in the roughness of the sphere surface, the value of $l_A_X$ at which the maximum in $D_R$ is seen decreases.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Institute of Physics (AIP).
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 11 May 2005
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 09:52
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/3177

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