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Studies on a nanocomposite solid polymer electrolyte with hydrotalcite as a filler

Borgohain, Madhurjya Modhur and Joykumar, Thokchom and Bhat, SV (2010) Studies on a nanocomposite solid polymer electrolyte with hydrotalcite as a filler. In: Solid State Ionics, 181 (21-22). pp. 964-970.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2010.05.040

Abstract

We have prepared a new nanocomposite polymer electrolyte using nanoparticles of hydrotalcite, an anionic clay, as the filler. Hydrotalcite has the chemical composition [M-1-x(2+) M-x(3+) (OH)(2)](x+) [A(x/n)(n-)center dot mH(2)O] where M2+ is a divalent cation (e.g. Mg2+, Ni2+, Co2+,etc.) and M3+ is a trivalent cation (e.g. Al3+, Fe3+, Cr3+, etc.). A(n-) is an anion intercalated between the positively charged double hydroxide layers. The nanoparticles of [Mg0.67Al0.33 (OH)(2)] [(CO3)(0.17)center dot mH(2)O] were prepared by the co-precipitation method (average particle size as observed by TEM similar to 50 nm) and were doped into poly(ethylene glycol) PEG (m.w.2000) complexed with LiCIO4. Samples with different wt.% of hydrotalcite were prepared and characterized using XRD, DSC, TGA, impedance spectroscopy and NMR. Ionic conductivity for the pristine sample, similar to 7.3 x 10(-7) S cm(-1), was enhanced to a maximum of = 1.1 x 10(-5) S cm(-1) for 3.6 wt.% nanoparticle doped sample. We propose that the enhancement of ionic conductivity is caused by percolation effects of the high conductivity paths provided by interfaces between the nanoparticles and the polymer electrolyte. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Nanocomposite polymer electrolyte;Hydrotalcite; Clay-nanocomposite;Ionic conductivity
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2010 07:18
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:15
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/31958

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