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Hydrolysis of Organophosphate Esters: Phosphotriesterase Activity of Metallo-beta-lactamase and Its Functional Mimics

Tamilselvi, A and Mugesh, Govindasamy (2010) Hydrolysis of Organophosphate Esters: Phosphotriesterase Activity of Metallo-beta-lactamase and Its Functional Mimics. In: Chemistry - A European Journal, 16 (29). pp. 8878-8886.

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Abstract

The phosphotriesterase (PTE) activity of a series of binuclear and mononuclear zinc(II) complexes and metallo-beta-lactamase (m beta 1) from Bacillus cereus was studied. The binuclear complex 1, which exhibits good m beta 1 activity, shows poor PTE activity. In contrast,complex 2, a poor mimic of m beta 1, exhibits much higher activity than 1 The replacement of Cl- ligands by OH- is important for the high PTE activity of complex 2 because this complex does not show any catalytic activity in methanol. The natural enzyme m beta 1 from B. cereus is also found to be an inefficient catalyst in the hydrolysis of phosphotriesters. These observations indicate that the binding of beta-lactam substrates at the binuclear zinc(II) center is different from that of phosphotriesters. Furthermore, phosphodiesters, the products from the hydrolysis of triesters, significantly inhibit the PTE activity of m beta 1 and its functional mimics. Although the mononuclear complexes 3 and 4 exhibited significant m beta 1 activity, these complexes are found to be almost inactive in the hydrolysis of phosphotriesters. These observations indicate that the elimination of phosphodiesters from the reaction site is important for the PTE activity of zinc(II) complexes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons.
Keywords: Enzyme mimics;lactams; organophosphates; structure-activity relationships; zinc.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2010 07:31
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:15
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/32032

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