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Titania nanowires as substrates for sensing and photocatalysis of common textile industry effluents

Mandal, Soumit S and Bhattacharyya, Aninda J (2010) Titania nanowires as substrates for sensing and photocatalysis of common textile industry effluents. In: Talanta, 82 (3). pp. 876-884.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2010.04.021

Abstract

Sensing and photocatalysis of textile industry effluents such as dyes using mesoporous anatase titania nanowires are discussed here.Spectroscopic investigations show that the titania nanowires preferentially sense cationic (e.g. Methylene Blue, Rhodamine B) over anionic (e.g. Orange G, Remazol Brilliant Blue R) dyes. The adsorbed dye concentration on titania nanowires increased with increase in nanowire dimensions and dye solution pH. Electrochemical sensing directly corroborated spectroscopic findings. Electrochemical detection sensitivity for Methylene Blue increased by more than two times in magnitude with tripling of nanowire average length. Photodegradation of Methylene Blue using titania nanowires is also more efficient than the commercial P25-TiO2 nanopowders. Keeping illumination protocol and observation times constant, the Methylene Blue concentration in solution decreased by only 50% in case of P25-TiO2 nanoparticles compared to a 100% decrease for titania nanowires. Photodegradation was also found to be function of exposure times and dye solution pH.Excellent sensing ability and photocatalytic activity of the titania nanowires is attributed to increased effective reaction area of the controlled nanostructured morphology. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Titana nanowires;Water pollution; Textile dyes; Electrochemical sensing;Photocatalysis.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2010 11:47
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:16
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/32115

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