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Effect of surfactants on drop breakage in turbulent liquid dispersions

Koshy, Abraham and Das, TR and Kumar, R (1988) Effect of surfactants on drop breakage in turbulent liquid dispersions. In: Chemical Engineering Science, 43 (3). pp. 649-654.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-2509(88)87023-4

Abstract

The existingm odels of drop breakage in stirred dispersions grossly overpredict the maximum drop size when surface active agents are present inspite of using the lowered value of interfacial tension. It is shown that the difference in the values of dynamic and static interfacial tension, aids the turbulent stresses in drop breakage. When the difference is zero, e.g. for pure liquids and for high concentration of surfactants, the influence of the addition of surfactant is merely to reduce the interfacial tension and can be accounted for by existingm odels. A modified model has been developed, where the drop breakage is assumed to be represented by a Voigt element. The deforming stresses are due to turbulence and the difference between dynamic and static interfacial tensions. The resisting stresses arise due to interfacial tension and the viscous flow inside the drop. The model yields the existing expressions for dmax as special cases. The model has been found to be satisfactory when tested against experimental results using the styrene-water-teepol system.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier science.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2010 07:35
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:16
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/32165

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