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Fabrication of device quality films of high loaded PPy/MWCNT nanocomposites using pulsed laser deposition

Swathi, SK and Jeevananda, T and Ramamurthy, Praveen C (2010) Fabrication of device quality films of high loaded PPy/MWCNT nanocomposites using pulsed laser deposition. In: Organic Electronics, 11 (9). pp. 1489-1499.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2010.06.013

Abstract

Polypyrrole (PPy) - multiwalled carbonnanotubes (MWCNT) nanocomposites with various MWCNT loading were prepared by in situ inversion emulsion polymerization technique. High loading of the nano filler were evaluated because of available inherent high interface area for charge separation in the nanocomposites. Solution processing of these conducting polymer nanocomposites is difficult because, most of them are insoluble in organic solvents. Device quality films of these composites were prepared by using pulsed laser deposition techniques (PLD). Comparative study of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) of bulk and film show that there is no chemical modification of polymer on ablation with laser. TEM images indicate PPy layer on MWCNT surface. SEM micrographs indicate that the MWCNT's are distributed throughout the film. It was observed that MWCNT in the composite held together by polymer matrix. Further more MWCNT diameter does not change from bulk to film indicating that the polymer layer remains intact during ablation. Even for very high loadings (80 wt.% of MWCNT's) of nanocomposites device quality films were fabricated, indicating laser ablation is a suitable technique for fabrication of device quality films. Conductivity of both bulk and films were measured using collinear four point probe setup. It was found that overall conductivity increases with increase in MWCNT loading. Comparative study of thickness with conductivity indicates that maximum conductivity was observed around 0.2 mu m. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Conducting polymers; Nanotubes; Nanocomposites; Structure property relationships.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2010 11:17
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2010 11:17
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/32466

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