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Karyotype instability in the ponerine ant genus Diacamma

Karnik, Nutan and Channaveerappa, H and Ranganath, HA and Gadagkar, Raghavendra (2010) Karyotype instability in the ponerine ant genus Diacamma. In: Journal of Genetics, 89 (2). pp. 173-182.

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Abstract

The queenless ponerine ant Diacamma ceylonense and a population of Diacamma from the Nilgiri hills which we refer to as `nilgiri', exhibit interesting similarities as well as dissimilarities. Molecular phylogenetic study of these morphologically almost similar taxa has shown that D ceylonense is closely related to `nilgiri' and indicates that `nilgiri' is a recent diversion in the Diacamma phylogenetic tree. However, there is a striking behavioural difference in the way reproductive monopoly is maintained by the respective gamergates (mated egg laying workers), and there is evidence that they are genetically differentiated, suggesting a lack of gene flow To develop a better understanding of the mechanism involved in speciation of Diacamma, we have analysed karyotypes of D. ceylonense and `nilgiri' In both, we found surprising inter-individual and intra-individual karyotypic mosaicism. The observed numerical variability, both at intra-individual and inter-individual levels, does not appear to have hampered the sustainability of the chromosomal diversity in each population under study Since the related D. indicum, displays no such intra-individual or inter-Individual variability whatsoever under identical experimental conditions, these results are unlikely to he artifacts. Although no known mechanisms can account for the observed karyotypic variability of this nature, we believe that the present findings on the ants under study would provide opportunities for exciting new discoveries concerning the origin, maintenance and significance of intra-individual and inter-individual karyotypic mosaicism.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: karyotype variation; queenless ponerine ants; speciation; Diacamma.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2010 06:02
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2010 06:02
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/32472

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