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The biosynthesis of sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol: Studies with groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) leaves

Gupta, Sita D and Sastry, PS (1988) The biosynthesis of sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol: Studies with groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) leaves. In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 260 (1). 125 -133.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0003-9861(88)90432-8

Abstract

The biosynthetic pathway of Sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG) was investigated using groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) leaf discs and 35S-labeled precursors. [35S]SO2−4 was actively taken up by the leaf discs and rapidly incorporated into SQDG. After 2 h, 1.5% of the [35S]SO2−4 added to the incubation medium was taken up, of which 28% was incorporated into SQDG. The methanol-water phases of the lipid extracts of the leaf discs were analyzed for the 35S-labeled intermediates. Up to 2 h of incubation, cysteic acid, 3-sulfopyruvate, 3-sulfolactate, 3-sulfolactaldehyde, and sulfoquinovose (SQ) which have been proposed as intermediates [Davies et al. (1966) Biochem. J. 98, 369–373] were not labeled. Only a negligible amount of radioactivity was observed in these compounds after incubation for 4 h and more. Addition of sodium molybdate inhibited the uptake of [35S]SO2−4 as well as its incorporation into SQDG by the leaf discs, suggesting that 3′-phosphoadenosine-5′-phosphosulfate may be involved in the biosynthesis of SQDG. Addition of unlabeled cysteic acid to the incubation medium enhanced the uptake of [35S]SO2−4 but did not affect its incorporation into SQDG. 35S-labeled cysteic acid was taken up by the leaf discs and metabolized to sulfoacetic acid but not incorporated into SQ or SQDG. These results show that cysteic acid is not an intermediate in SQDG biosynthesis. [35S]SQ was taken up by the leaf discs and incorporated into SQDG in a time-dependent manner. [35S]Sulfoquinovosylglycerol was also taken up by the leaf discs but not incorporated into SQDG. It is concluded that SQDG is not biosynthesized by the proposed sulfoglycolytic pathway in higher plants. Though [35S]SQ was converted to SQDG, the rates are much lower compared to [35S]SO2−4 incorporation, which suggests that a more direct pathway involving sulfonation of a lipid precursor may exist in higher plants.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier science.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2010 09:12
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2010 09:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/33020

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