Vasu, Kommireddy and Saravanan, Matheshwaran and Rajendra, Boggavarapu VRN and Nagaraja, Valakunja (2010) Generation of a Manganese Specific Restriction Endonuclease with Nicking Activity. In: Biochemistry, 49 (38). pp. 8425-8433.
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A typical feature of type II restriction endonucleases (REases) is their obligate sequence specificity and requirement for Mg2+ during catalysis. R.KpnI is an exception. Unlike most other type II REases, the active site of this enzyme can accommodate Mg2+, Mn2+, Ca2+, or Zn2+ and cleave DNA. The enzyme belongs to the HNH superfamily of nucleases and is characterized by the presence of a beta beta alpha-Me finger motif. Residues D148, H149, and Q175 together form the HNH active site and are essential for Mg2+ binding and catalysis. The unique ability of the enzyme to cleave DNA in the presence of different metal ions is exploited to generate mutants that are specific to one particular metal ion. We describe the generation of a Mn2+-dependent sequence specific endonuclease, defective in DNA cleavage with Mg2+ and other divalent metal ions. In the engineered mutant, only Mn2+ is selectively bound at the active site, imparting Mn2+-mediated cleavage. The mutant is impaired in concerted double-stranded DNA cleavage, leading to accumulation of nicked intermediates. The nicking activity of the mutant enzyme is further enhanced by altered reaction conditions. The active site fluidity of R Eases allowing flexible accommodation of catalytic cofactors thus forms a basis for engineering selective metal ion-dependent REase additionally possessing nicking activity.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology|
|Date Deposited:||11 Oct 2010 05:53|
|Last Modified:||11 Oct 2010 05:53|
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