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A 27-node hybrid brick and a 21-node hybrid wedge element for structural analysis

Jog, CS (2005) A 27-node hybrid brick and a 21-node hybrid wedge element for structural analysis. In: Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 41 (11-12). pp. 1209-1232.

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Abstract

This paper presents a 27-node hybrid hexahedral and a 21-node hybrid wedge element for structural analysis. The motivation behind developing these elements is that, in many situations, it is convenient to use elements that involve only displacement degrees of freedom as in a standard displacement-based brick element, but, in order that computational costs are not prohibitively high, such elements should perform well irrespective of whether they are used to model three-dimensional or plate/shell geometries, whether the material in compressible or almost incompressible and so on. In other words, it is desirable to develop elements that are simple to use, but at the same time extremely versatile in modeling a wide range of geometries,material behavior, etc. The formulation of the proposed elements is based on a two-field mixed variational principle. The higher-orderterms in the stress interpolation are identified based on the zero-energy modes that can occur in cubical and wedge-shaped elements,respectively. The resulting elements are "optimal" in the sense that they have the minimum number of assumed stress terms to ensure correct stiffness rank. Numerical examples are presented to show the excellent performance of the proposed elements under demanding situations such as when the elements are used to model plate/shell geometries, when the material is almost incompressible, the meshes are distorted, etc.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Hybrid brick and wedge elements;Structural analysis
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2005
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:19
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/3337

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