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Defining the pathway to insulin-like growth factor system targeting in cancer

Rosenzweig, Steven A and Atreya, Hanudatta S (2010) Defining the pathway to insulin-like growth factor system targeting in cancer. In: Biochemical Pharmacology, 80 (8). pp. 1115-1124.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bcp.2010.06.013

Abstract

The insulin-like growth factors (IGEs; IGF-1 and IGF-2) play central roles in cell growth, differentiation, survival, transformation and metastasis. The biologic effects of the IGFs are mediated by the IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R), a receptor tyrosine kinase with homology to the insulin receptor (IR). Dysregulation of the ICE system is well recognized as a key contributor to the progression of multiple cancers, with IGF-1R activation increasing the tumorigenic potential of breast, prostate, lung, colon and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Despite this relationship, targeting the IGF-1R has only recently undergone development as a molecular cancer therapeutic. As it has taken hold, we are witnessing a robust increase and interest in targeting the inhibition of IGF-1R signaling. This is accentuated by the list of over 30 drugs, including monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) that are under evaluation as single agents or in combination therapies 1]. The ICE-binding proteins (IGFBPs) represent the third component of the ICE system consisting of a class of six soluble secretory proteins. They represent a unique class of naturally occurring ICE-antagonists that bind to and sequester IGF-1 and IGF-2, inhibiting their access to the IGF-1R. Due to their dual targeting of the IGFs without affecting insulin action, the IGFBPs are an untapped ``third'' class of IGF-1R inhibitors. in this commentary, we highlight some of the significant aspects of and prospects for targeting the IGF-1R and describe what the future may hold. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Editorials/Short Communications
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: IGF-1 receptor; Receptor tyrosine kinase; Targeted therapeutics; Resistance.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > NMR Research Centre (Formerly SIF)
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2010 07:31
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2010 07:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/33452

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