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Aqueous channels within apolar peptide aggregates. Solvated helix of Boc-Aib-Ala-Leu-Aib-Ala-Leu-Aib- -Ala-Leu-Aib-OMe. H2O.CH3OH

Karle, Isabella L and Flippen-Anderson, JL and Uma, K and Balaram, Padmanabhan (1988) Aqueous channels within apolar peptide aggregates. Solvated helix of Boc-Aib-Ala-Leu-Aib-Ala-Leu-Aib- -Ala-Leu-Aib-OMe. H2O.CH3OH. In: Proceedings Of The National Academy of Sciences of The United States Of America , 85 (2). pp. 299-303.

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Official URL: http://www.pnas.org/content/85/2/299.abstract

Abstract

Although the peptide Boc-Aibl-Ala2-Leu3- Aib4-Alas Leu'-Aib7-Ala8-Leu9-Aib'0-OMe [with a t-butoxycarbonyl(Boc) blocking group at the amino terminus, a methyl ester (OMe) at the carboxyl terminus, and four a-aminoisobutyric (Aib) residues] has a 3-fold repeat of residues, the helix formed by the peptide backbone is irregular. The carboxyl-terminal half assumes an at-helical form with torsion angles ) and r of approximately -60° and -45°, respectively, whereas the amino-terminal half is distorted by an insertion of a water molecule between the amide nitrogen of Ala5 [N(5)] and the carbonyl oxygen of Ala2 [0(2)]. The water molecule W(1) acts as a bridge by forming hydrogen bonds N(5).W(1) (2.93 A) and W(1)---0(2) (2.86 A). The distortion of the helix exposes the carbonyl oxygens of Aib' and Aib4 to the outside environment, with the consequence that the helix assumes an amphiphilic character despite having all apolar residues. Neighboring helices in the crystal run in antiparallel directions. On one side of a helix there are only hydrophobic contacts with efficient interdigitation of leucine side chains with those from the neighboring helix. On the other side of the helix there are hydrogen bonds between protruding carbonyl oxygens and four water molecules that separate two neighboring helices. Along the helix axis the helices bind head-to-tail with a direct hydrogen bond N(2)-0(9) (3.00 A). Crystals grown from methanol/water solution are in space group P2, with a = 15.778 ± 0.004 A, b = 11.228 ± 0.002 A, c = 18.415 ± 0.003 A, = 102.10 ± 0.02ur and two formula units per cell for C49HON1003 2H2OCH3OH. The overall agreement factorR is 7.5% for 3394 reflections observed with intensities >3a(F), and the resolution is 0.90 A.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to National Academy of Sciences.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2011 05:50
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2011 05:50
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/33526

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