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Pd Supported on Titanium Nitride for Efficient Ethanol Oxidation

Thotiyl, Ottakam MM and Kumar, Ravi K and Sampath, S (2010) Pd Supported on Titanium Nitride for Efficient Ethanol Oxidation. In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry , 114 (41). pp. 17934-17941.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp1038514

Abstract

The excellent metal support interaction between palladium (Pd) and titanium nitride (TiN) is exploited in designing an efficient anode material. Pd-TN, that could be useful for direct ethanol fuel cell in alkaline media. The physicochemical and electrochemical characterization of the Pd-TiN/electrolyte interface reveals an efficient oxidation of ethanol coupled with excellent stability of the catalyst under electrochemical conditions. Characterization of the interface using in situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (in situ FITR) shows the production CO2 at low overvoltages revealing an efficient cleaving of the C-C bond. The performance comparison of Pd supported on TiN (Pd-TiN) with that supported on carbon (Pd-C) clearly demonstrates the advantages of TiN support over carbon. A positive chemical shift of Pd (3d) binding energy confirms the existence of metal support interaction between pd and TiN, which in turn helps weaken the Pd-CO synergetic bonding interaction. The remarkable ability of TiN to accumulate -OH species on its surface coupled with the strong adhesion of Pd makes TiN an active support material for electrocatalysts.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2010 10:34
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2010 10:34
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/33557

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