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Crystal structures of Salmonella typhimurium propionate kinase and its complex with Ap4A: evidence for a novel Ap4A synthetic activity

Simanshu , DK and Savithri , HS and Murthy , MR (2008) Crystal structures of Salmonella typhimurium propionate kinase and its complex with Ap4A: evidence for a novel Ap4A synthetic activity. In: Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics, 70 (4). pp. 1379-1388.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/prot.21...

Abstract

Propionate kinase catalyses the last step in the anaerobic breakdown of L-threonine to propionate in which propionyl phosphate and ADP are converted to propionate and ATR Here we report the structures of propionate kinase (TdcD) in the native form as well as in complex with diadenosine 5 ',5 '''-P-1,P-4-tetraphosphate (AP(4)A) by X-ray crystallography. Structure of TdcD obtained after cocrystallization with ATP showed Ap(4)A bound to the active site pocket suggesting the presence of Ap(4)A synthetic activity in TdcD. Binding of Ap(4)A to the enzyme was confirmed by the structure determination of a TdcD-Ap(4)A complex obtained after cocrystallization of TdcD with commercially available Ap(4)A. Mass spectroscopic studies provided further evidence for the formation of Ap(4)A by propionate kinase in the presence of ATP. In the TdcD-Ap(4)A complex structure, Ap(4)A is present in an extended conformation with one adenosine moiety present in the nucleotide binding site and other in the proposed propionate binding site. These observations tend to support direct in-line transfer of phosphoryl group during the kinase reaction.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2010 06:42
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2010 06:42
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/34008

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