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Estimation of soil hydraulic properties and their uncertainty: comparison between laboratory and field experiment

Kumar, S and Sekhar, M and Reddy, DV and Kumar, Mohan MS (2010) Estimation of soil hydraulic properties and their uncertainty: comparison between laboratory and field experiment. In: Hydrological Processes, 24 (23). pp. 3426-3435.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hyp.777...

Abstract

Often the soil hydraulic parameters are obtained by the inversion of measured data (e.g. soil moisture, pressure head, and cumulative infiltration, etc.). However, the inverse problem in unsaturated zone is ill-posed due to various reasons, and hence the parameters become non-unique. The presence of multiple soil layers brings the additional complexities in the inverse modelling. The generalized likelihood uncertainty estimate (GLUE) is a useful approach to estimate the parameters and their uncertainty when dealing with soil moisture dynamics which is a highly non-linear problem. Because the estimated parameters depend on the modelling scale, inverse modelling carried out on laboratory data and field data may provide independent estimates. The objective of this paper is to compare the parameters and their uncertainty estimated through experiments in the laboratory and in the field and to assess which of the soil hydraulic parameters are independent of the experiment. The first two layers in the field site are characterized by Loamy sand and Loamy. The mean soil moisture and pressure head at three depths are measured with an interval of half hour for a period of 1 week using the evaporation method for the laboratory experiment, whereas soil moisture at three different depths (60, 110, and 200 cm) is measured with an interval of 1 h for 2 years for the field experiment. A one-dimensional soil moisture model on the basis of the finite difference method was used. The calibration and validation are approximately for 1 year each. The model performance was found to be good with root mean square error (RMSE) varying from 2 to 4 cm(3) cm(-3). It is found from the two experiments that mean and uncertainty in the saturated soil moisture (theta(s)) and shape parameter (n) of van Genuchten equations are similar for both the soil types. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons.
Keywords: soil hydraulic properties; inverse modelling; GLUE; laboratory and field experiment
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2010 09:35
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2010 09:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/34325

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