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Gonadal cell surface receptor for plasma retinol-binding protein A method for its radioassay and studies on its level during spermatogenesis

Bhat, Krishna M and Cama, HR (1979) Gonadal cell surface receptor for plasma retinol-binding protein A method for its radioassay and studies on its level during spermatogenesis. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA), 587 (2). pp. 273-281.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-4165(79)90360-X

Abstract

A specific membrane receptor for plasma retinol-binding protein has been demonstrated in testicular cells. Prealbumin-2 did not show any specific binding to the membrane. The affinity of retinol-binding protein for receptor drastically decreases upon delivery of retinol and the retinol-binding protein does not enter the cell. The mechanism of delivery of retinol to the target cell by plasma retinol-binding protein has been investigated. The process involves two steps: direct binding of retinol-binding protein to the receptor and uptake of retinol by the target cell with a concomitant drastic reduction in the affinity of the retinol-binding protein to the receptor. Probably the second step of the process needs a cytosolic factor, possibly the cellular retinol-binding protein or an enzyme.The binding of retinol-binding protein to the receptor is saturable and reverible. The interaction shows a Kd value of 2.1 · 10−10 M. The specific binding of a retinol-binding protein with great affinity has been employed in the development of a method for radioassay of the receptor. The receptor level of the gonadal cell has been found to vary with the stage of differentiation. The receptor concentrations in 11-week-old birds and adult birds are comparable. Testoterone treatment of 11-week-old birds produced a substantial increase in the receptor concentration over control, while the protein content increased marginally, indicating that, probably, synthesis of the receptor is specifically induced by testoterone during spermatogenesis, and the concentration of receptor is relatively higher before the formation of the acrosome.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Receptor; Retinol-binding protein; Spermatogenesis; Cell surface; (Radioassay)
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2010 09:26
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2010 09:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/34404

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