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Signaling different pathways of cell death: Abrin induced programmed necrosis in U266B1 cells

Bora, Namrata and Gadadhar, Sudarshan and Karande, Anjali A (2010) Signaling different pathways of cell death: Abrin induced programmed necrosis in U266B1 cells. In: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, The, 42 (12). pp. 1993-2003.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocel.2010.08.012

Abstract

Abrin is a type II ribosome-inactivating protein comprising of two subunits, A and B. Of the two, the A-subunit harbours the RNA-N-glycosidase activity and the B subunit is a galactose specific lectin that enables the entry of the protein inside the cell. Abrin inhibits protein synthesis and has been reported to induce apoptosis in several cell types. Based on these observations abrin is considered to have potential for the construction of immunotoxin in cell targeted therapy. Preliminary data from our laboratory however showed that although abrin inhibited the protein synthesis in all cell types, the mode of cell death varied. The aim of the present study was therefore to understand different death pathways induced by abrin in different cells. We used the human B cell line, U266B1 and compared it with the earlier studied T cell line Jurkat, for abrin-mediated inhibition of protein translation as well as cell death. While abrin triggered programmed apoptosis in Jurkat cells in a caspase-dependent manner, it induced programmed necrosis in U266B1 cells in a caspase-independent manner, even when there was reactive oxygen species production and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. The data revealed that abrin-mediated necrosis involves lysosomal membrane permeabilization and release of cathepsins from the lysosomes. Importantly, the choice of abrin-mediated death pathway in the cells appears to depend on which of the two events occurs first: lysosomal membrane permeabilization or loss of mitochondrial membrane potential that decides cell death by necrosis or apoptosis. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Abrin; Ribosome-inactivating protein; Apoptosis; Necrosis; Lysosomal membrane permeabilization.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2010 10:49
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2010 10:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/34570

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